Move tint::ast::type to tint::type

Despite `tint::ast::type::Type` being in the AST namespace, these classes are clearly not AST nodes:
* They don't derive from ast::Node
* They're deduplicated by the type manager
* None of the types have an Source - they have no lexical declaration point
* The fact we have `ast::Struct` and `ast::type::Struct` clearly demonstrates what is an AST node, and what is a type.
* We have code scattered in the codebase (TypeDeterminer, writers, etc) that create new types after parsing - so clearly not part of the original syntax tree.

Types in tint are closer to being semantic info, but due to the parse-time generation of types, and tight dependency of ast::Nodes to types, I'd be reluctant to class these as semantic info. Instead, put these into a separate root level `tint::type` namespace and `src/tint` directory.

The fact that types exist in the ast::Module has already caused bugs ( This is a first step in separating out types from the ast::Module.

Bug: tint:390
Change-Id: I8349bbbd1b19597b8e6d51d5cda0890de46ecaec
Commit-Queue: Ben Clayton <>
Reviewed-by: dan sinclair <>
228 files changed
tree: f11f8418cec1b2ba1125c5dca2082ea33025823b
  1. .clang-format
  2. .gitignore
  3. .gn
  5. CMakeLists.txt
  8. CPPLINT.cfg
  9. DEPS
  10. Doxyfile
  14. build_overrides/
  15. docs/
  16. fuzzers/
  17. include/
  18. infra/
  19. samples/
  20. src/
  21. standalone.gclient
  22. test/
  23. third_party/
  24. tint_overrides_with_defaults.gni
  25. tools/


Tint is a compiler for the WebGPU Shader Language (WGSL).

This is not an officially supported Google product.


  • Git
  • CMake (3.10.2 or later)
  • Ninja (or other build tool)
  • Python, for fetching dependencies
  • depot_tools in your path

Build options

  • TINT_BUILD_SPV_READER : enable the SPIR-V input reader (off by default)
  • TINT_BUILD_WGSL_READER : enable the WGSL input reader (on by default)
  • TINT_BUILD_SPV_WRITER : enable the SPIR-V output writer (on by default)
  • TINT_BUILD_WGSL_WRITER : enable the WGSL output writer (on by default)
  • TINT_BUILD_FUZZERS : enable building fuzzzers (off by default)


Tint uses Chromium dependency management so you need to install depot_tools and add it to your PATH.

Getting source & dependencies

# Clone the repo as "tint"
git clone tint
cd tint

# Bootstrap the gclient configuration
cp standalone.gclient .gclient

# Fetch external dependencies and toolchains with gclient
gclient sync

Compiling using CMake + Ninja

mkdir -p out/Debug
cd out/Debug
cmake -GNinja ../..
ninja # or autoninja

Compiling using CMake + make

mkdir -p out/Debug
cd out/Debug
cmake ../..
make # -j N for N-way parallel build

Compiling using gn + ninja

mkdir -p out/Debug
gn gen out/Debug
autoninja -C out/Debug

Fuzzers on MacOS

If you are attempting fuzz, using TINT_BUILD_FUZZERS=ON, the version of llvm in the XCode SDK does not have the needed libfuzzer functionality included.

The build error that you will see from using the XCode SDK will look something like this:

ld: file not found:/Applications/

The solution to this problem is to use a full version llvm, like what you would get via homebrew, brew install llvm, and use something like CC=<path to full clang> cmake .. to setup a build using that toolchain.

Checking [chromium-style] issues in CMake builds

The gn based work flow uses the Chromium toolchain for building in anticipation of integration of Tint into Chromium based projects. This toolchain has additional plugins for checking for style issues, which are marked with [chromium-style] in log messages. This means that this toolchain is more strict then the default clang toolchain.

In the future we will have a CQ that will build this work flow and flag issues automatically. Until that is in place, to avoid causing breakages you can run the [chromium-style] checks using the CMake based work flows. This requires setting CC to the version of clang checked out by gclient sync and setting the TINT_CHECK_CHROMIUM_STYLE to ON.

mkdir -p out/style
cd out/style
cmake ../..
CC=../../third_party/llvm-build/Release+Asserts/bin/clang cmake -DTINT_CHECK_CHROMIUM_STYLE=ON ../../ # add -GNinja for ninja builds


Please file any issues or feature requests at


Please see the CONTRIBUTING and CODE_OF_CONDUCT files on how to contribute to Tint.